Posted on

Full vs. Broad Spectrum CBD Tinctures – What are Their Effects?

Full or Broad spectrum?

When choosing a CBD tincture at Hemp CBD Oil Store, one must consider a wide variety of factors.  For one thing, they have to decide the proper strength so that they get the right amount of hemp compounds per dose.  They also have to decide on a flavor so that they can satisfy their taste buds while taking their daily dose of CBD.  But, there’s one factor that’s rarely considered, although it’s arguably just as important as the rest.

There are three types of hemp extracts: broad spectrum, full spectrum and CBD isolate.  A CBD tincture can contain any one of these three types of extracts, and which one you go with can largely determine your experience, and whether or not you’re able to accomplish what you want with your new hemp regimen.

Today, we’ll be talking about the two most popular of these three extracts: broad spectrum and full spectrum.  While they’re very similar to each other, the differences are just important enough to be worth diving into.

What Does it Mean?

When we talk about full spectrum and broad spectrum, we’re talking about the ways in which the hemp compounds were extracted from the plant material.  All CBD products start with the hemp plant.  The hemp plant is carefully cultivated before going through an extraction process that usually involves some type of heat and pressure in order to end up with compounds that have been fully separated from the plant material.

Once these compounds have been successfully isolated and extracted from the hemp plant material, they can be chemically composed in a number of ways to produce different kinds of concentrates.  Full spectrum extract and broad spectrum extract are two different types of concentrates, with chemical compositions that differ from each other.

Full Spectrum

Full spectrum extract is hemp extract that contains every chemical compound that naturally occurs in the hemp plant.  The hemp plant naturally contains a very wide variety of compounds.  These compounds include cannabinoids such as CBD, CBN and CBG, as well as terpenes.  Terpenes are plant compounds that exist in essential oils, and they determine the flavor and aroma of a particular plant.  Furthermore, terpenes seem to naturally contain unique properties such as antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties.  Terpenes that commonly exist in hemp include myrcene, limonene and linalool. 

Because full spectrum hemp extract contains every compound in hemp, it contains THC.  Now, we know that THC is the psychoactive chemical compound found in marijuana that gives it psychoactive effects, thus making it federally illegal.  However, in the hemp plant, THC is only present in about 0.3 percent of the plant material, and this amount is not nearly high enough to be psychoactive.  Therefore, full spectrum hemp extract cannot get you high.

In fact, THC is a cannabinoid that may be useful in a number of ways when consumed in low doses.  Many studies have shown that THC, like CBD, may have unique properties that can be considered beneficial.

Broad Spectrum

Broad spectrum hemp extract, meanwhile, is a hemp extract that contains every plant compoundfound in hemp except for THC.  So, it allows you to experience a wide range of cannabinoids and terpenes, only without THC. 

The Entourage Effect

The entourage effect refers to the effect on the body when every hemp compound is consumed at once, as nature intended.  This is what occurs when you consume full spectrum hemp extract.  Basically, it’s believed that the entourage effect allows for each plant’s potential benefits to be multiplied, because each compound increases the efficacy of the rest.  The entourage effect is considered ideal as it allows you to potentially get the most benefits out of taking a hemp product.  This is why most people believe that full spectrum CBD is objectively superior.

Using a Broad Spectrum CBD Tincture

If you want to avoid THC altogether, a broad spectrum CBD tincture is the way to go.  Basically, for this type of extract, the THC has been isolated in the remaining concentrate and thoroughly removed.  This means that you won’t have any traces of THC in your body after consuming a broad spectrum CBD tincture.  You’ll still receive all of the other compounds found in hemp.

Using a Full Spectrum CBD Tincture

A full spectrum CBD tincture allows you to experience the entourage effect, and it means that you’ll be consuming THC as well as all of the other plant compounds.  If you feel comfortable consuming trace amounts of THC, this is the way to go.  Bear in mind that consuming THC that comes from the hemp plant cannot possibly deliver psychoactive effects, but in rare cases, it can cause the THC to show up on a drug test.  However, this is very unusual.

Which is Better?

So, which option is right for you: a broad spectrum CBD tincture or a full spectrum CBD tincture?  Well, it all depends on your preferences.  Again, most experts feel that a full spectrum extract is superior because of the entourage effect.  However, it’s understandable that some people want to completely avoid THC, so if that’s the case, go with broad spectrum.

Also, bear in mind that aside from the chemical composition of each concentrate, they don’t really differ from each other in any way.  Broad spectrum and full spectrum tinctures are about the same in terms of price, so you won’t save any money by going with one over the other.  Additionally, they taste and smell the same, so you won’t experience any differences between the two.  And, finally, the potency level doesn’t differ due to the presence of THC or lack thereof.

Comes Down to Preference

At the end of the day, whether you choose a full spectrum CBD tincture or a broad spectrum CBD tincture is totally up to you.  However, as you can see, one provides you with the full entourage effect, while one does not.  Use this guide to decide which type of extract is right for you as you begin a new CBD tincture routine.

Posted on 1 Comment

The Endocannabinoid System – What Is It and Why Is It Important?

cbd oil

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is an amazing biological system that exists within our body, as well as in all invertebrate species. It is believed to have evolved around 600 million years ago, and is comprised of cell receptors, endocannabinoid molecules to activate the receptors, and enzymes to break down the molecules once they have been used.

This amazing internal system interacts with the active compounds in the cannabis plant, such as THC, CBD and lesser known cannabinoids like CBN. Without the endocannabinoid system, cannabis wouldn’t get you high, nor would it have so many profound therapeutic benefits.

The Discovery Of The Endocannabinoid System

The discovery of the endocannabinoid system came as a development after the discovery of plant cannabinoids. Raphael Mechoulam first scientifically found THC in the 1960s. His findings caused a rush to find out how the molecule worked, and whether the body naturally produced anything similar.

It wasn’t until the 1990s that the same researcher found evidence of internal cannabinoids. Mechoulam found that the body had a system that THC interacted with, and that similar cannabinoids produced within the body interacted with the same system.

Cannabinoids Produced In The Body

There’s more to the ECS than its interaction with the cannabis plant. The body produces its own endocannabinoids (‘endo’ means within), and these too interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the body and brain. Endocannabinoids act as messengers to signal to the body to keep vital processes in balance.

The Endocannabinoid system is concerned with the overall homoeostasis of many physiological functions. It helps to regulate sleep, appetite, immune responses, mood, pain, pleasure, memory, motor control, cellular health and more, and aims to keep the whole biological system working coherently and holistically. That is why the endocannabinoid system is now an emerging focus of pharmacotherapy.

It’s quite amazing to think that the body has a system for regulating itself. The fact that this system also interacts with the cannabinoids found within the cannabis and hemp plant, explains why there are so many medical applications and health benefits associated with CBD oi l and other supplements.

Receptors, Enzymes and Molecules

Cell receptors receive signals and communicate to the inside of cells to elicit a certain response. They are activated by the right molecules.

The two primary cannabinoid receptors in the ECS are named CB1 and CB2. CB1 is abundant in the nervous system and brain, and has been linked to the moderation of pain and inflammation, regulation of the activity of neurons, modulation of seizures, and motor control and more. THC, one of the main cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, binds directly with the CB1 molecule, causing psychoactive as well as healing effects.

CB2 is not found so much in the brain and spinal cord, but is found in abundance in immune cells, the peripheral nervous system and peripheral organs like the spleen. It is keyed to CBD, and has anti-inflammatory and immune boosting effects on the body.

The main endocannabinoids (cannabinoids that are made naturally within the body) that have been identified and studied so far are anandamide and 2-AG.

Anandamide is also known as the ‘bliss molecule’. It regulates mood, pain, memory and more, and activates the CB1 receptor, the same receptor that is affected by THC.

2-AG is an agonist for both the CB1 and CB2 receptors, and binds fully with the CB2 receptor. It is thought to be the most abundant endocannabinoid in the body, and is responsible for the regulation of the immune system, pain and appetite.

Both of these endocannabinoids are produced on demand when needed by the body, and are then broken down by enzymes that function within the ECS, specifically FAAH for anandamide and MAGL for 2-AG. Incidentally, this is the reason why natural endocannabinoids do not ‘get you high’ in the same way as THC – the enzymes do not break down the THC instantly after use, and so it lingers for longer.


How Does CBD Interact With The Endocannabinoid System?

When the body does not produce enough natural cannabinoids or cannot regulate them properly, whether due to external factors like stress or bad diet, or chronic conditions and pathologies, the body and mind can become more susceptible to illness and imbalances. Homoeostasis is more difficult to achieve.

When this happens, medical cannabis and hemp extracts like CBD can be used as a supplement. They interact with and boost the functioning of the endocannabinoid system.

THC binds with the CB1 receptor directly. CBD works a little differently. It interacts with a number of receptors in the brain, but not directly with the CB1 – therefore it doesn’t get you high! It actually moderates the effect of THC by knocking it away from the CB1 receptor, and therefore has anti-psychotic functions.

CBD also prevents the enzyme FAAH from breaking down anandamine too quickly, and makes more available for cells to use. With more natural endocannabinoids available, CBD acts as a natural mood enhancer with many therapeutic benefits, such as in anxiety disorders.

This explains why cannabis and hemp-based medicines like CBD can have a positive impact on such a wide range of ailments. By bringing the endocannabinoid system back into optimal functioning, the body becomes more capable of achieving its state of natural homoeostasis.